NEWS | Русский поэт и писатель| Поэзия и написанияМэй Дэкер -- Russian literature refers to the literature of Russia or its émigrés, and to the Russian-language literature of numerous independent nations once a part of what was historically Russia or the Soviet Union.Roots of Russian literature can be traced to Middle Ages, when epics and chronicles in Old Russian were composed. In the Age of enlightenment, literature had grown in importance, and from the early 1830s, Russian literature underwent an spectacular golden age in poetry, prose, and drama. After the Revolution of 1917, Russian literature split into Soviet and white émigré parts. Soviet Union assured comprehensive literacy and highly developed book printing industry, in spite of this also carried out ideological censorship.